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Мотивация достижений и отношение медицинских лаборантов к непрерывному обучению

https://doi.org/10.17853/1994-5639-2021-6-185-215

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Аннотация

Введение. Проблема повышения компетентности путем непрерывного обучения специалистов здравоохранения, в частности медицинских лаборантов, недостаточно изучена. Основное внимание в настоящем исследовании уделяется возможности актуализировать мотивацию достижений лаборантов посредством новых методов и форм непрерывного профессионального образования.

Интерес лаборантов к непрерывному обучению является индикатором стремления к повышению их профессиональной компетентности в условиях инновативности профессии с ее динамически меняющимися методами, технологиями и аппаратурой для медицинских исследований и при высокой значимости результатов их работы для здоровья и жизни людей.

Цель работы - исследовать мотивацию достижений у студентов и медицинских лаборантов и ее влияние на основные переменные и дескрипторы отношения к непрерывному обучению.

Материалы и методы. Респонденты являются представителями трех целевых групп, имеющих отношение к непрерывному обучению в профессии: практикующие медицинские лаборанты, руководители медицинских лабораторий и студенты специальности «Медицинский лаборант» в болгарских медицинских колледжах. Методический инструментарий включает в себя стандартизированные психологические тесты, а также вопросники, разработанные для целей конкретного исследования.

Результаты и научная новизна. Основные результаты работы обосновывают тезис о том, что мотивация достижений становится актуальной в действиях и ситуациях, когда успех в профессии субъективно значим и существуют четкие критерии успеха или неудачи. Готовность к непрерывному обучению зависит от мотивации достижений как личностной тенденции.

Более высокая мотивация достижений обуславливает более сильную потребность в повышении профессиональных компетенций, стремление получить ученую степень в своей профессиональной области, предпочтение специализации как формы непрерывного обучения и понимание непрерывного образования как проявление стремления к новым знаниям.

Результаты исследования могут обогатить существующие данные по применению теории мотивации достижений в качестве объяснительной модели поведения при непрерывном обучении, что может стать эффективным способом решения проблемы быстрого старения и периода полураспада знаний в медицине и технологиях.

Практическая значимость. Применимость результатов выражается особенно четко в сформулированном тезисе о необходимом изменении образовательной политики страны посредством новых форм непрерывного обучения для медицинских лаборантов, которые смогут актуализировать свою мотивацию достижений и в результате повысить эффективность их функционирования в профессии.

Об авторах

К. С. Кичукова
Тракийски университет
Болгария

Кичукова Катя Стефанова - аспирант (управление здравоохранением), преподаватель Медицинского колледжа.

Стара Загора



Т. Г. Танева
Тракийски университет
Болгария

Танева Таня Гочева - PhD (психология), доцент факультета экономики.

Стара Загора



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Для цитирования:


Кичукова К.С., Танева Т.Г. Мотивация достижений и отношение медицинских лаборантов к непрерывному обучению. Образование и наука. 2021;23(6):185-215. https://doi.org/10.17853/1994-5639-2021-6-185-215

For citation:


Kichukova K.S., Taneva T.G. Achievement motivation and attitude of medical laboratory assistants to continuing education. The Education and science journal. 2021;23(6):185-215. https://doi.org/10.17853/1994-5639-2021-6-185-215

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ISSN 1994-5639 (Print)
ISSN 2310-5828 (Online)